Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute

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Excerpt from Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1878
1878

An excerpt from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ending 1878, containing reports on the Indians at the Hampton Institute and a report by Lieut. Richard Henry Pratt regarding the recruitment of students for that school. Both reports discuss the education of students at…

Format:
Book
Repository:
Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections
Excerpt from Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1879
1879

An excerpt from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ending 1879, containing the Commissioner's report on Indian education. That report discusses the founding of the Carlisle Indian School under the command of Richard Henry Pratt, the school's location and campus, and…

Format:
Book
Repository:
Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections
Eadle Keatah Toh (Vol. 1, No. 1)
January 1880

The first page opened with an article titled "THE INDIAN TRAINING SCHOOL," that described the progress of the school, its Christian methods, the work of the former Ft. Marion prisoners of war preparing buildings for use, the importance of the town Sunday Schools, the school curriculum that emphasized farmwork for boys and housekeeping for girls…

Format:
Newspapers
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
School News (Vol. 1, No. 1)
June 1880

The first article by M. D. P. [Mason D. Pratt] describes a field trip to an iron forge near Pine Grove, followed by a picnic at the grove with the students, teachers, visiting chiefs, the college band and some invited guests. “An Indian Boy's Camp Life,” by Henry C. Roman Nose, gives a short account of his activities growing up. An "Editorial"…

Format:
Newspapers
Repository:
Cumberland County Historical Society
Excerpt from Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1880
1880

An excerpt from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of Indian Affairs for the fiscal year ending 1880, containing the first annual report of the Carlisle Indian School. The report discusses the school's opening, recruitment of students, educational and industrial curricula, and overall health. Also included…

Format:
Book
Repository:
Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections
The Indian Helper (Vol. 2, No. 18)
December 10, 1886

The first page opened with a poem titled "Much Depends on Your Aiming," about keeping to the straight path, followed by "A Boy Froze to Death While On Duty," about the effects of an ice storm on Lake Michigan followed by "Moved Again," in which the Man-on-the-band-stand opined that Indians who are not educated have no say in decisions made…

Format:
Newspapers
Repository:
Cumberland County Historical Society
The Indian Helper (Vol. 2, No. 28)
February 18, 1887

The first page opened with the poem, "You Conquer Me, Me Conquer You" followed by a letter from Rev. Edward F. Wilson of the Shingwauk Home titled "An Indian School in Canada," which described Wilson’s report to the Indian Department of Canada on his visit to Carlisle, the Lincoln Institute and the Hampton Institute. It continued on the last…

Nation:
Format:
Newspapers
Repository:
Cumberland County Historical Society
The Indian Helper (Vol. 3, No. 12)
October 28, 1887

This issue began with the poem, "Live for Something," followed by the continuation of the series begun in Number 8 entitled "Home Difficulties of a Young Indian Girl," about Fanny, a Carlisle alumnus struggling to apply her new-found skills to home life.  The second page featured news items including a report from the Hampton School in Virginia…

Format:
Newspapers
Repository:
Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections
The Indian Helper (Vol. 3, No. 52)
August 10, 1888

The first page opened with the poem, “What Makes A Man,” followed by an article titled, “Interesting Observations At the Indians’ Own Home” reprinting a letter from Joshua Given (Kiowa) who described the social and political news from the Kiowa and Comanche Agency. He reported the activities of students who had returned home from Carlisle. The…

Nation:
Format:
Newspapers
Repository:
Cumberland County Historical Society
The Indian Helper (Vol. 5, No. 19)
January 10, 1890

The first page opened with a notice that there were no Indian Helper newspapers published for December 28 and January 3rd. A notice followed: “A Novel Christmas Present: Our Superintendent Made with his own Hands a tin Cup for Each Employee.” Next was a poem, by “E.G.“dated Dec. 25, ’89 titled “The School Poet Again Stirred” about the…

Format:
Newspapers
Repository:
Cumberland County Historical Society
The Red Man and Helper (Vol. 1, No. 2)
July 20, 1900

A description of this document is not currently available.

Note: This issue was also published as The Red Man (Vol. 16, No. 5).

Format:
Newspapers
Repository:
Cumberland County Historical Society
Preference that Pratt Stay at Hampton to Assist with Indian Students
December 20-30, 1878

Hampton Institute Principal Samuel Chapman Armstrong responds to Commissioner of Indian Affairs E. A. Hayt's inquiry regarding the need for Captain Richard Henry Pratt to stay at Hampton to help care for and manage the Indian students. Armstrong states that it would be best for the Indians and Hampton for Pratt to remain at the school.

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Need for Pratt to Choose Between Hampton Institute and his Military Service
January 9, 1879

Secretary of War George W. McCrary forwards and endorses a letter from the General of the Army in response to a request to grant Richard Henry Pratt the authority to remain at the Hampton Institute for three months. The note states that Pratt is supposed to be a cavalry officer in Texas, where he is needed, but has been absent for four or five…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Sending "Florida Boys" at Hampton on Outings
January 14, 1879

Richard H. Pratt states that he currently has 57 male students at Hampton and is looking to recruit 20 female students. He goes on to say that he plans to send most of the former Ft. Marion prisoners currently enrolled at Hamtpon on outings, believing that placing Indian students in white families where they will learn a trade will help give…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Placing Hampton Students on Outing on Farms in Massachusetts
May 29, 1879

Richard H. Pratt informs Commissioner of Indian Affairs E. A. Hayt that it will take a week to place the male students from Hampton on farms in Massachusetts and then he will travel to Florida. Pratt expects to place a dozen male students on farms in Berkshire County as well.

Note: This item was copied from U.S. National Archives…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Problem with Finding Outing Hosts in Massachusetts
June 2, 1879

Richard H. Pratt informs Commissioner of Indian Affairs E. A. Hayt that there are problems "persuading these Yankee farmers" in Massachusetts to be outing hosts for Hampton students. While seven farmers are interested in hosting a student, Pratt would like fifteen more.

Note: This item was copied from U.S. National Archives microfilm…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Recruit Dakota Students for Hampton
June 2, 1879

Hampton Institute Principal Samuel C. Armstrong states that they are currently educating 38 Indian boys and only 9 Indian girls, so he requests that they recruit 20 Dakota female Indian students. He requests that, if his wish is granted, Captain Richard H. Pratt be sent to secure the students and that he be allowed to bring back no more than…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Per-Student Funding and Establishment of School at Carlisle
August 4, 1879

Letter from Richard Henry Pratt to Commissioner of Indian Affairs Ezra A. Hayt suggesting an increase in the per-student funding afforded by the government to Indian schools. Pratt also encourages the Commissioner to continue pursuing Congressional approval for the opening of an Indian school at the Carlisle Barracks.

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Authority for Pratt to Bring Hampton Students to Carlisle
August 25, 1879

Acting Secretary of the Interior A. Bell informs the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that he is giving permission to Lieutenant Richard Henry Pratt to proceed to Lee, Massachusetts. Bell notes that Pratt will secure current Hampton Institute students who are on outing and take them to the Carlisle Barracks. These Hampton students will become…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Pratt Authorized to Recruit Students for Carlisle and Take Charge of the Barracks for the School
September 6, 1879

Acting Secretary of the Interior A. Bell informs the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that the War Department has transferred the buildings at the Carlisle Barracks to the Interior Department and that Special Agent Richard Henry Pratt is authorized to create an Indian school at the Barracks using the buildings. He also grants authority for Pratt…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Impact of Sending Sick Students Home from Hampton on Recruitment for Carlisle
September 11, 1879

Letter from Richard Henry Pratt to Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs Edwin J. Brooks regarding sick students discharged from the Hampton Institute. Pratt insists that too many boys were sent home, against his and the doctor's advice, and asserts that Spotted Tail and Red Cloud will be less interested in sending students to Carlisle as a…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Issues with Contract for Educating Indian Students at Hampton
September 15, 1879

Hampton Institute Principal Samuel C. Armstrong informs Commissioner of Indian Affairs E. A. Hayt that he has signed his contract. He states that he's unhappy with the terms of the contract and describes the expense and difficulty of educating Indian students.

Note: This item was copied from U.S. National Archives microfilm reels (M234…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Update on Recruitment from Rosebud and Pine Ridge Agencies
October 2, 1879

Telegram from Richard Henry Pratt, at the Yankton Agency, to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs informing him that 47 boys and 17 girls from Rosebud as well as 12 boys and 6 girls from Pine Ridge have been recruited. Pratt notes that he will proceed on to Carlisle. The note suggests that Pratt was due to rendezvous with "C" (probably agent…

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Telegram Regarding Orders to Recruit for Hampton
October 3, 1879

Telegram from Richard Henry Pratt in Onawa, Iowa, to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs following up on a previous message regarding his orders to recruit a party of students for the Hampton Institute. Pratt notifies the Commissioner that he has started his return journey.

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration
Westward Travel Plans for General Armstrong
October 11, 1879

Richard Henry Pratt forwards to Commissioner of Indian Affiars Ezra Hayt a telegram sent by General Samuel Armstrong of the Hampton Institute. Armstrong telegrams Pratt asking whether he (Armstrong) is needed for a recruitment trip to Dakota, and Pratt forwards the telegram to the Commissioner for consultation.

Format:
Letters/Correspondence
Repository:
National Archives and Records Administration