Images

The Images section features photographs, postcards, and different types of artwork, as well as reproductions of images that appeared in newspapers, magazines, and other publications. These images all reflect the Carlisle Indian School students, facilities, and staff. Images available here are drawn from files housed at the U. S. National Archives, from collections of Carlisle Indian School materials housed at various archival repositories, and from a variety of published sources. Visitors to this website are also invited to share copies of photographs from their own personal and family collections; please contact us if you have images you would like to contribute.

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Displaying 176 - 200 of 3818 records

Posed group of five white women. The caption written below identifies them as Miss Hyde and Miss Cutter in the back, Miss Ely in the middle, and Miss Burgess and Miss Laura Spencer in the front. 

Inscribed on the reverse is the date March 20, 1880. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Male students in school uniforms posed on the balcony, front porch, and in front of a building on the school grounds, presumably the Boys' Quarters. 

One of the Cumberland County Historical Society's copies of this image is captioned "Indian boys in first uniforms Apr. 1880." 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

A farm field with a man behind a plow being pulled by horses and a group of six boys working the field being supervised by six men or older boys. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Male students posed in school uniforms on the balcony, front porch, and in front of a building on the school grounds, presumably the Boys' Quarters. 

The caption on this image identifies it as "Indian boys in first uniforms Apr. 1880." The copy of the image at the American Philosophical Society has the handwritten caption "Indian boys (from 16 different tribes) at the Indian Training School, April 20th 1880. (The ranks on the ground and lower porch show the same Sioux boys who appear in [the image of the first male students])." 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Portrait of a large group of visiting Sioux chiefs posed in front of the bandstand on the school grounds with some white men including Richard Henry Pratt. 

The Cumberland County Historical Society has three copies of this image: PA-CH1-028a, BS-CH-028, and 12-15-01. 

Note: In his book Spotted Tail's Folk, George E. Hyde provides a date of June 1880 for a copy of this image from the New York Public Library. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Studio portrait of visiting Chief Spotted Tail with his sons, then enrolled at Carlisle. William is seated at left of Spotted Tail, Pollock seated at right, with Max standing at left and Oliver standing at right. (The identifications typed on the back of this photo indicate that Oliver is standing at left and Max on the right, but other research suggests that identification is in error. Max is the older of the two boys.)

Note: This images appears to have been taken during the same sitting as the portrait of Spotted Tail. See Related Images. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: South Dakota State Historical Society

Richard Henry Pratt and Chief Spotted Tail with Rebecca T. Haines (standing at left), Susan Longstreth (standing in center), and Mary Anna Longstreth (standing at far right) posed on the bandstand on the school grounds. The Longstreths and Haines were from Philadelphia and were known as "the Quaker ladies." Chief Spotted Tail was visiting the school in June 1880, which is probably when this photo was taken.

Note: The Cumberland County Historical Society has two copies of this image: PA-CH1-016a and CS-CH-107.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Portrait of Richard Henry Pratt and Chief Spotted Tail with Rebecca T. Haines (standing at left), Susan Longstreth (standing in center), and Mary Anna Longstreth (standing at rear right). The Longstreths and Haines were known as the "Quaker Ladies." All are posed on the bandstand on the school grounds. Spotted Tail was visiting the school in June 1880, which is probably when this photo was taken.

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Image of a slate such as those used by students. This slate contains examples of written vocabulary words, written text, a copy of a brief note from student R. B. Hayes to his father dated June 25, 1880, a drawing of a man on a horse apparently signed John Williams, and an example of a math problem.  Along the side is written "Choate Photographer." 

It is not clear if this slate shows work by one student or is a composite, since R. B Hayes (Cheyenne nation) and John Williams (Arapaho nation) are both named on it. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Studio portrait of Benjamin Thomas (Wat-ye-eh), Mary Perry (Ki-ot-se), and John Menaul Chaves (Kowsh-te-ah), at their arrival and in native dress. 

Note: The Cumberland County Historical Society has two copies of this image: CS-CH-072 and 10B-02-01.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections

Portrait of seven male students and four female students posed on the school grounds. This photo was taken on the day they arrived, July 31, 1880. Although the caption states that they were Pueblo students, ten of them were Pueblo and one was Apache. The Pueblo students are: Frank Cushing, Taylor Ealy, Mary Ealy, Jennie Hammaker, Sheldon Jackson, Mary Perry, John Menual Chaves, Benjamin Thomas, John Shields, and Harvey Townsend. The Apache student is Nellie Carey.  

The Cumberland County Historical Society has two copies of this image: PA-CH1-082c and CS-CH-091. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Studio portrait of Red Dog, a Sioux chief, with Lizzie Glode and Lucy Day. 

The student newspaper reports that Red Dog visited the school in August 1880. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Swedish National Museums of World Culture

Portrait of six Sioux chiefs posed with four other men on the steps of the bandstand on the school grounds. The man at the far left leaning on the railing is probably Richard Henry Pratt. The chiefs are Red Shirt, Thunder Hawk, Big Head (or Big Headed), John Grass, Two Bear (or Two Bears), and Charger. One of the four other men is Louis Primeau, the interpreter from Standing Rock. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Studio portrait of Gabriel Renville. 

Note: Gabriel Renville was the father of students John Renville and Nancy Renville. This photo was probably taken between August 10, 1880 (when he came to Carlisle to bring home the body of John, who had died at the school) and August 17, 1880 (when he and his daughter Nancy left the school). 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Princeton University Library, Department of Special Collections

Portrait of six Sioux chiefs posed with four other men on the steps of the bandstand on the school grounds. The man at the far left leaning on the railing is probably Richard Henry Pratt. The chiefs are Red Shirt, Thunder Hawk, Big Head (or Big Headed), John Grass, Two Bear (or Two Bears), and Charger. One of the four other men is Louis Primeau, the interpreter from Standing Rock.

The school paper documents a visit to the school by these chiefs in August 1880.

The caption below this image was added by CCHS staff, and indicates they have a second copy of this image: CS-CH-083. This second image is more closely cropped and does not include the partial person who is probably Pratt. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Studio portrait of Gabriel Renville. 

Note: Gabriel Renville was the father of students John Renville and Nancy Renville. This photo was probably taken between August 10, 1880 (when he came to Carlisle to bring home the body of John, who had died at the school) and August 17, 1880 (when he and his daughter Nancy left the school). 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Studio portrait of Red Dog, a Sioux chief, with Lucy Day and Lizzie Glode. 

The student newspaper reports that Red Dog visited in August 1880. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Studio portrait of American Horse, a Sioux chief. 

American Horse visited the school in August 1880 which is probably when this photograph was taken.  This is #25 on Choate's list of images for sale. 

The Cumberland County Historical Society has five copies of this image; PA-CH1-010b and CS-CH-033.1-.4.  

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Studio portrait of Poor Wolf (also known as Lean Wolf), a Hidatsa chief. 

The student newspaper in August 1880 records an earlier visit to the school by Poor Wolf.

The Cumberland County Historical Society has three copies of this image: PA-CH1-019a and CS-CH-034a.1-.2. 

Note: Although the caption written with the image identifies him as Mandan, he may be more appropriately identified as Hidatsa.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Studio portrait of Poor Wolf (also known as Lean Wolf), a Hidatsa chief, not wearing a shirt and so showing his torso and arms with painted body ornamentation.

The student newspaper in August 1880 records an earlier visit to the school by Poor Wolf.

Note: The authenticity of this ornamentation is questionable; this photo may have been manipulated by Choate. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Studio portrait of Man-in-the-Cloud (also known as Man on the Cloud) and Mad Wolf, both Cheyenne chiefs. 

Newspaper accounts document a visit by the two chiefs to the school in September 1880.

The Cumberland County Historical Society has four copies of this image: PA-CH1-026a and CS-CH-042.1-.3.  

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Studio portrait of Man-on-the-Cloud, a Cheyenne chief.

The Cumberland County Historical Society has three copies of this image: PA-CH1-027a and CS-CH-029.1-.2. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Portrait of forty-three female students, posed in three rows on the school grounds. In the background on the bandstand are seated Richard Henry Pratt and some teachers. The caption for this image identifies it as "Indian girls in their first uniforms, October 1880." 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Three male students posed standing in the print shop with Marianna Burgess seated writing at a desk. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Studio portrait of seven unidentified male students. 

Previous cataloging identifies them as from the Pawnee nation and provides a date of January 1881 for the image. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution