Pratt, Richard Henry

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The Indian Helper (Vol. 4, No. 4)
September 7, 1888

The first page opened with a poem, “Grasp the Nettle,” followed by a reprinted letter to Superintendent Pratt from Conrad Roubideaux (Sioux) titled “Conrad Didn’t Give Up the Ship,” in which he described the hardships of finding work on the reservation. Page two included news that Pratt was out...

Repository: Private Collection
The Indian Helper (Vol. 4, No. 6)
September 21, 1888

The first page opened with an untitled poem by J. W. Burgess reprinted from Sunshine, followed by “Our Walnut Tree” about the Man-On-the-Band-Stand’s efforts to keep students from picking green walnuts. The second page began with “The Captain,” which described the speech Capt. Pratt...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The Indian Helper (Vol. 4, No. 9)
October 12, 1888

The first page opened with an untitled poem, with the first line “God Wants the Boys,” followed by anonymous advice “Be Inventive.” Next came two columns, “Girls Read This,” an exercise for good posture and “Boys Read This,” an exercise for good behavior. The news items on page two gave reports...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The Indian Helper (Vol. 5, No. 20)
January 17, 1890

The first page opened with a poem titled "Hoe Out Your Row," followed by "A Worthy Example," that touted a fictional conversation between two boys musing on the accomplishments of Indian Commissioner T. J. Morgan. Page two included several articles and notices about country life for Outing...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The Indian Helper (Vol. 5, No. 8)
October 11, 1889

The first page opened with a poem by Bayard Taylor with the first line "Learn to live, and live to learn” followed by the fourth installment of the series titled “How An Indian Girl Might Tell Her Own Story if She Had the Chance: All Founded on Actual Observations of the Man-on-the-band-stand’s...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The Morning Star (Vol. 3, No. 12)
July 1883

Page one is dominated by small vignettes of various day-to-day events that happened at the school, including compliments on students works, stories of gifted flowers and visiting agents. Page two has the beginning of an article titled “A Visit to the Indian Territory – Our Returned Pupils” which...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The Red Man (Vol. 13, No. 8)
March 1896

This issue commemorates the Eighth Graduating Exercises and Seventh Anniversary Exercises. The first page contained a list of distinguished guests in attendance.  Graduation speeches from students are presented in the paper, as are transcribed accounts of the exercises. The list included...

Repository: Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections
Twelve Navajo students (pose 1), 1882

Portrait of Richard Henry Pratt (seated on the bandstand) with one female Navajo student and eleven male students. The female student, Antoinette Williams, had arrived on December 5, 1881. She and Pratt are posed with a group of male Navajo students who had arrived on the day this photograph was...

Format: Photographic Print, B&W
Repository: Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections
Twelve Navajo students (pose 2) [version 1], 1882

Portrait of eleven male students and one female student posed in front of the bandstand on the school grounds. Richard Henry Pratt is sitting on the bandstand, behind the group.

The female student, Antoinette Williams, had arrived on December 5, 1881. The male students are a group of male...

Format: Glass Plate Negative
Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Twelve Navajo students (pose 2) [version 2], 1882

Portrait of eleven male students and one female students posed in front of the bandstand on the school grounds. Richard Henry Pratt is sitting on the bandstand, behind the group. They are a group of Navajo students who arrived on October 21, 1882.

They are, front row, seated, left to...

Format: Photographic Print, B&W
Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Vincent Natalish (Nah-tail-eh) Student File

Student file of Vincent Natalish (Nah-tail-eh), a member of the Apache Nation, who entered the school on April 30, 1887, graduated in 1899,and departed on March 11, 1899. The file contains a trade/position record, newspaper clippings, a former student response postcard, a student information...

Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Visiting chiefs from the the Great Nemaha Agency [version 1], 1880

Portrait of a group of Native American men, white men, with one male student and two female students posed in front of a dormitory building on the school grounds. Richard Henry Pratt is standing at the far left.

The caption in the album for the Cumberland County Historical Society version...

Format: Glass Plate Negative
Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Visiting chiefs from the the Great Nemaha Agency [version 2], 1880

Portrait of a group of Native American men, white men, with one male student and two female students posed in front of a dormitory building on the school grounds. Richard Henry Pratt is standing at the far left. The caption in the album states that they are from the Great Nemaha Agency and that...

Format: Photographic Print, B&W
Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Visiting chiefs, c.1881

Portrait of a group of visiting chiefs with white men posed in front of the bandstand on the school grounds. Richard Henry Pratt is at the far right in the back row.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W
Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Visiting Sioux chiefs, c.1880

Portrait of a large group of visiting Sioux chiefs posed in front of the bandstand on the school grounds with some white men including Richard Henry Pratt. 

The Cumberland County Historical Society has three copies of this image: PA-CH1-028a, BS-CH-028, and 12-15-01. 

Note: In his...

Format: Photographic Print, B&W
Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
William Fletcher (Going Farther) Student File

Student file of William Fletcher (Going Farther), a member of the Cheyenne Nation, who entered the school on February 3, 1881, and departed on June 22, 1886.  The file contains a student information card, correspondence, a returned student survey, and a report after leaving that indicates that...

Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
William Shakespeare Student File

Student file of William Shakespeare, a member of the Arapaho Nation, who entered the school in March 11, 1881 and departed on February 21, 1883. The file contains a student information card, a newspaper clipping, letters/correspondence, a returned student survey, and a report after leaving. The...

Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Preference that Pratt Stay at Hampton to Assist with Indian Students
December 20-30, 1878

Hampton Institute Principal Samuel Chapman Armstrong responds to Commissioner of Indian Affairs E. A. Hayt's inquiry regarding the need for Captain Richard Henry Pratt to stay at Hampton to help care for and manage the Indian students. Armstrong states that it would be best for the Indians and...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Need for Pratt to Choose Between Hampton Institute and his Military Service
January 9, 1879

Secretary of War George W. McCrary forwards and endorses a letter from the General of the Army in response to a request to grant Richard Henry Pratt the authority to remain at the Hampton Institute for three months. The note states that Pratt is supposed to be a cavalry officer in Texas, where...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Sending "Florida Boys" at Hampton on Outings
January 14, 1879

Richard H. Pratt states that he currently has 57 male students at Hampton and is looking to recruit 20 female students. He goes on to say that he plans to send most of the former Ft. Marion prisoners currently enrolled at Hamtpon on outings, believing that placing Indian students in white...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Recommendation of Carlisle Barracks as Location for Indian School
February 14, 1879

Spencer Fullteron Baird, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, writes to Secretary of the Interior Carl Schurz to endorse Captain Richard H. Pratt's request to establish an Indian School at the Carlisle Barracks. Baird contends that there is "no better spot" to open an Indian School because...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Placing Hampton Students on Outing on Farms in Massachusetts
May 29, 1879

Richard H. Pratt informs Commissioner of Indian Affairs E. A. Hayt that it will take a week to place the male students from Hampton on farms in Massachusetts and then he will travel to Florida. Pratt expects to place a dozen male students on farms in Berkshire County as well.

Note: This...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Problem with Finding Outing Hosts in Massachusetts
June 2, 1879

Richard H. Pratt informs Commissioner of Indian Affairs E. A. Hayt that there are problems "persuading these Yankee farmers" in Massachusetts to be outing hosts for Hampton students. While seven farmers are interested in hosting a student, Pratt would like fifteen more.

Note: This item...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Recruit Dakota Students for Hampton
June 2, 1879

Hampton Institute Principal Samuel C. Armstrong states that they are currently educating 38 Indian boys and only 9 Indian girls, so he requests that they recruit 20 Dakota female Indian students. He requests that, if his wish is granted, Captain Richard H. Pratt be sent to secure the students...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Engage in Indian Education in Oregon
July 18 - July 19, 1879

Lieutenant Melville C. Wilkinson requests to temporarily engage in "Indian educational work" in Oregon, and Acting Secretary of the Interior A. Bell forwards and endorses Wilkinson's request to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs and the Secretary of War. In his telegraph to the Secretary of War...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration

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