John Whitwell Congressional Testimony, 1914

February 7, 1914

The typed transcript of John Whitwell's testimony before the Joint Commission to Investigate Indian Affairs. At the time Whitwell was the principal teacher at Carlisle.

In his testimony Whitwell begins by summarizing his duties as principal teacher then discusses negative influences on the academic program and narrates the difficulties in his relationship with Superintendent Friedman (including Whitwell's work on the school attendance rolls and Friedman's critiques of Whitwell's supervision of the academic program). The committee asks him about a number of the issues that were brought to their attention in other testimony.

The second half of the testimony consists primarily of correspondence that Mr. Whitwell submitted to serve as evidence of Superintendent Friedman's poor management.

In the published version of this testimony Whitwell's section begins on page 1063.

Note: This content reveals information about corporal punishment, which some readers may find troubling. 


Read Documents
Time Period
National Archives and Records Administration
RG 75, CCF Entry 121, #10144-1914-Carlisle-154
First page of typed transcript of testimony