"Kill the Indian in him, and save the man": R. H. Pratt on the Education of Native Americans

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Richard Henry Pratt

This resource includes the full text from Captain Richard Henry Pratt's speech in which he used the now well-known phrase to describe his philosophy of assimilation: "Kill the Indian in him, and save the man." The speech was delivered in 1892 during the National Conference of Charities and Correction, held in Denver. Colorado. The full text copy of his speech as printed in the published proceedings of the conference was drawn from the HathiTrust Digital Library. (A transcribed copy of the full speech is available in Word.doc format as well.) The ideas expressed in Pratt's speech are central to the development of the Carlisle Indian School (founded 1879) and other boarding schools across the country, which aimed to "civilize" and "Americanize" the Indian.