Students Working in the Boiler House [version 2], 1901

Two male students posed shoveling coal in the Boiler House while a white man looks on. 

In 1901 the Bureau of Indian Affairs contracted with the photographer Frances Benjamin Johnston to document the school at Carlisle for an exhibit at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. Johnston visited the school in the spring of that year and took at least one hundred photographs. 

This image with the caption BOILER HOUSE appears in The Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pa.: 23rd Year (Carlisle, PA: The School, 1902) [p. 16]. 

Time Period
Campus Spaces
Frances Benjamin Johnston, Washington, DC