Infant in a cradleboard [version 1], c.1890

Studio portrait of an infant posed in a cradleboard. 

This is a photograph of a photograph with the handwritten caption "Kiowa Pappoose." This image may have been taken of page 34 of Album 2 of the "Indian School Albums" now in the collection of the Cumberland County Historical Society (PA-CH2-034b), or it may have been taken before the print was added to the album. 

This photograph was originally taken by Frances Benjamin Johnston, probably at the Hampton Institute in 1899 when Johnston was there taking photographs of the Native American students. The image in the album may be a copy of the Johnston image, included among the images of Carlisle students, or it may be a copy made by Choate of the Johnston image, copied here again by Choate. 

Version 2 of this image, linked to in Related Images, is a print produced by Choate's studio. There is no indication that Choate credited Johnston for the original image. This was one of the photographs offered as a premium beginning in 1890 to subscribers of the school's Indian Helper newspaper, as were other photographs produced by (the others originally taken by) Choate. Those advertisements refer to this image as "pretty faced pappoose in Indian cradle."

Copies of the Johnston image are held by the Library of Congress ( and the Museum of Modern Art ( 

Note: The National Anthropological Archives has two different negatives, both images of the same print with the handwritten caption. They are NAA 73477 (NAA INV 06825100) and NAA 73527 (NAA INV  06830100). 

Time Period
NAA_73477: Photo Lot 81-12 06825100
John N. Choate, Carlisle, PA