What is the 4th of July to former slaves and to American Indians? (By Kevin Wagner, Carlisle Area School District)

Frederick Douglass, c.1870

Lesson Essential Question:

How do the views of July 4th compare/contrast between former slaves and Indians in the late 1800’s?

Learning Goals for the Lesson:

Understand that cultural backgrounds and experiences helped to shape the various ways minority groups in America viewed the “white man’s” celebrations.

Students Will Know:

The various minority viewpoints of America’s birthday celebrations (July 4th) in the late 1800’s and how they either inspired or reviled.

Students Will Be Able To:

Compare and contrast key minority viewpoints on July 4th from two different speeches.

Designed by Kevin Wagner, Teacher and Program Chair, Social Studies, Carlisle Area School District

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress