Student Death

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The School News (Vol. 3, No. 7)
December 1882

Page one featured Henry North's article about his outing during the summer in Lancaster County. North described his daily routine and explained what he learned. Page two had a piece about Christmas, in which all the students gathered in the chapel to meet with St. Nick. On the same page Calvin...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Monthly School Report for January 1880
January 31, 1880

Two duplicate copies of the monthly school report for January 1880, submitted by the Carlisle Indian Training School to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The report includes a list of employees, a count of students by Nation/Tribe, descriptions of the educational program, and Superintendent Richard...

Format: Reports
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Notice of Death of Henry Jones
March 19, 1880

Dr. J. S. Bender notifies Richard Henry Pratt of the death of Henry Jones, a member of the Iowa Nation, due to advanced endocarditis. Dr. Bender notes that a post-mortem examination was performed alongside local physician Dr. J. R. Bixler. Pratt forwards this notice to the Commissioner of Indian...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Sanitary Inspection, April 1880
April 11, 1880

George Kellogg of the Medical Division of the Bureau of Indian Affairs provides a sanitary report on the buildings, appliances, and children at the Carlisle Indian School. He recommends replacing some old brick drains with terra cotta pipes. He finds the buildings to be of a satisfactory...

Format: Letters/Correspondence, Reports
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Death of Sioux Student John Renville
August 10, 1880

J. S. Bender reports the death of Sioux student John Renville from typhus. Richard Henry Pratt forwards Bender's letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

Note: This item was copied from U.S. National Archives microfilm reels (M234), which were filmed from the original documents found...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Return of John and Nancy Renville
August 18, 1880

Richard Henry Pratt informs the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that Sisseton Sioux Chief Gabriel Renville has arrived at the Carlisle Indian School to return his son John, who has died of typhus, home to be buried. Pratt is granting Renville's request to bring his daughter Nancy home with the...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Return of Three Sick Sioux Students
August 21, 1880

Richard Henry Pratt informs the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that he is sending Pine Ridge Sioux students Henry Thigh, Nathan, and Andrew home, escorted by Reverend Robinson, immediately because their health is so poor that they may die at the school before the Commissioner approves their...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Decision to Fire School Physician Dr. J. S. Bender
September 4, 1880

Richard Henry Pratt informs school physician Dr. J. S. Bender that he will be fired at the end of the month unless he quits sooner. Pratt provides multiple reasons for his decision, including that almost every student sent to the school hospital dies or is sent home and that Bender did not...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Send Three Former Florida Prisoners Home
September 9, 1880

Richard Henry Pratt writes to Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs E. M. Marble regarding three former Florida prisoners that should be returned home, escorted by Agent Miles. The first is going to die soon because of an accident suffered while playing baseball, and his chiefs want him to die...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Potentially Terminal Illness of Ernest (Knocks Off)
December 6, 1880

Richard Henry Pratt informs the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that Chief White Thunder's son, Ernest, is very sick and may die. Pratt believes that it's "entirely his fault" and that he "wants to die."

Note: This item was copied from U.S. National Archives microfilm reels (M234), which...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Report on Deaths of Maud (Little Girl) and Ernest (Knocks Off)
December 14, 1880

Physician Charles H. Hepburn provides a report on the deaths of two Rosebud Sioux students: Maud and Ernest. Maud died of multiple lung issues on December 13, 1880 with Ernest dying of diphtheria on December 14, 1880. Richard Henry Pratt forwards Hepburn's report to the Commissioner of Indian...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Return the Bodies of Ernest White Thunder and Maud Swift Bear
December 27, 1880

The parents of Ernest White Thunder and Maud Swift Bear request that their bodies be returned to them in order to have them buried near their homes. They note that while Richard Henry Pratt sent them frequent letters they were not aware that their children were near death and are now unable to...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Report on the Death of Dennis (Strikes First)
January 20-25, 1881

Carlisle Indian School physician, C. H. Hepburn, reports on the death of Dennis Strikes First due to Typhoid Pneumonia on January 19, 1881.

Note: In this record the student is identified as Denis.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Report on the Deaths of Three Students
April 22 - May 4, 1881

Richard Henry Pratt forwards the reports of school physician C. H. Hepburn on the deaths of Dora (Her Pipe), Rose (Red Rose), and Albert. Hepburn provides details on the treatment and condition of each student as well as their illnesses including measles, Bronchopneumonia or Bronchitis, and...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Report on the Deaths of Edward Upright and Giles
May 6-9, 1881

Richard Henry Pratt forwards the report of the Carlisle School physician C. H. Hepburn on the deaths of Edward Upright and Giles. Hepburn notes the cause of death resulting from scarlet fever as well as pneumonia while recovering from measles.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Letters Sent to Pratt from the Rosebud Agency Regarding Return of Children
May 23 - June 8, 1881

Richard Henry Pratt forwards to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs two letters he received from the Rosebud Agency. One concerns the deaths of Rosebud students while at Carlisle and the desire of the Rosebud Sioux Chiefs to educate their children closer to home. The second from Black Crow...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Sioux Chiefs Protest Deaths of their Children and Ask for Local School
May 23, 1881

A Council of Sioux Chiefs including Spotted Tail, Two Strike, White Thunder, and Swift Bear from the Rosebud Agency writes to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to protest the deaths of their children at Carlisle and asks for a local school in order to educate their children along with teachers...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Sioux Chiefs Protest Deaths of their Children and Ask President Garfield for Local School
May 23, 1881

A Council of Sioux Chiefs including Spotted Tail, Two Strike, White Thunder, and Swift Bear from the Rosebud Agency writes to President James A. Garfield to protest the deaths of their children at Carlisle and asks for a local school in order to educate their children along with teachers. U.S....

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Sioux Chiefs Protest Deaths of their Children to Interior and Ask for Local School
May 23, 1881

A Council of Sioux Chiefs including Spotted Tail, Two Strike, White Thunder, and Swift Bear from the Rosebud Agency writes to the Secretary of the Interior to protest the deaths of their children at Carlisle and asks for a local school in order to educate their children along with teachers. U.S...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Repatriate of Frank Cushing's Body to Zuni
September 30 - October 18, 1881

Richard Henry Pratt forwards a letter that was originally sent to Benjamin M. Thomas, U.S. Indian Agent at the Pueblo Agency, from S. A. Bentley a teacher in the Indian Service. Bentley's letter concerns the wishes of Frank Cushing's parents to have his body repatriated to Zuni. Pratt comments...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Long Face Requests Money Appropriated for Educating Two Deceased Daughters
June 20-28, 1882

Long Face requests the money that was appropriated to educate his two daughters Rose and Mary who were unable to fulfill their three year terms due to ill health and subsequently death.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request for Body of Adam McCarty to be Returned
June 11, 1883

The U.S. Indian Agent at the Arapaho Agency requests the return of the body of Adam McCarty, a member of the Modoc Nation, who is a student at the Carlisle Indian School. The Agent notes that McCarty is dying and the Modoc Nation is greatly distressed.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Report on the Death of Taylor Ealy
July 13, 1883

Richard Henry Pratt reports on the death of Taylor Ealy, a member of the Pueblo Nation, while vacationing with Dr. T. F. Ealy in Schellsburg, Pennsylvania. Pratt notes that he instructed Dr. Ealy to have Taylor Ealy be buried in Schellsburg and to forward the bill to Carlisle.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Status of the Navajo Agency Following the Death of Manuelito Choni
August 13-20, 1883

D. M. Riordan, U.S. Indian Agent for the Navajo Agency, writes to the Richard Henry Pratt on the anger of Manuelito regarding the death of his son. Manuelito asks for all of the Navajo students to be sent back from Carlisle. Riordan states that at a minimum Manuelito's son should be returned....

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Death of Gertrude Spotted Tail
September 5, 1883

Richard Henry Pratt reports on the death of Gertrude Spotted Tail while living in Andalusia, Pennsylvania with a Carlisle Indian School teacher during the summer. Pratt also notes the health and death differences between the Rosebud and Pine Ridge Agency students.

Pratt concludes with a...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration

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