Geronimo's Chiricahua Apache Prisoners of War

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Descriptive Statement of Pupils for Chiricahua Apache Prisoners-of-War, 1886
November 1-9, 1886

These materials include a cover letter and Descriptive Statement of Pupils regarding 37 Chiricahua Apache prisoners-of-war transferred to the Carlisle Indian School from Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida, where a larger group of Geronimo's band remained imprisoned. The 37 individuals...

Format: Letters/Correspondence, Reports
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Secretary of War Memo Regarding Moving Chiricahua POWs
April 23, 1887 - May 2, 1887

Secretary of War, William Crowninshield Endicott, responds to a letter from the Secretary of the Interior regarding a protest lodged by the Arizona Governor about returning the prisoners of war held at Fort Marion. Endicott notes that those not transferred to the Carlisle Indian School are to be...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Final Report of Prisoners Held at Fort Marion
April 27, 1887

Final report of the prisoners held at Fort Marion including an account of births, deaths, and transfers to the Carlisle Indian School, Fort Pickens, and Mount Vernon Barracks.

Format: Letters/Correspondence, Reports
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Hampton Will Not Enroll 8 Chiricahua Students
May 5, 1887

Richard Henry Pratt informs the Secretary of the Interior that Samuel C. Armstrong, Superintendent of the Hampton Institute, has declined to enroll four married Chiricahua students from Fort Marion. Pratt writes that the students will be taken care of at Carlisle.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Pratt Asks for Permission to Allow Parker West to Serve as Interpreter
December 22, 1887

Richard Henry Pratt asks the Office of Indian Affairs if Parker West (here Porter West) should accompany Miss Eustes to the Mount Vernon Barracks as an interpreter. Pratt notes that Eustes requested West be at Hampton on Monday.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Orders Issued to Transfer Katie to the Carlisle Indian School
March 8, 1888

Acting Secretary of War, Brigadier General S. V. Benet informs the Department of the Interior that he has issued orders to the commanding officer in charge of Fort Barrancas to transfer custody of Katie to Richard Henry Pratt in order for her to enroll at the Carlisle Indian School.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Recommendation for Two Apache Students from Fort Barrancas
April 23, 1888

Richard Henry Pratt responds to an Office of Indian Affairs letter regarding a request from Colonel Loomis Langdon, commanding officer at Fort Langdon, regarding enrolling two Apache students at Carlisle. Pratt notes that he would be more than willing to accept the students but that Carlisle...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Transfer of Five Students from Fort Pickens to Carlisle
May 10, 1888 - May 12, 1888

William Endicott, Secretary of War, informs the Secretary of the Interior that orders have been issued to transfer Geronimo and the Prisoners of War being held at Fort Pickens, Florida to Mount Vernon Barracks, Alabama along with five children to the Carlisle Indian School.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
War Department Orders Sending Prisoners to Alabama and Carlisle
May 10, 1888

War Department orders directing Geronimo and other prisoners be sent from Fort Barrancas, Florida to Mount Vernon Barracks, Alabama in addition to sending certain youths to the Carlisle Indian School.

Format: Legal and Government Documents
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Delay in Transferring Apache Prisoners to Carlisle
May 26, 1888

William Endicott, Secretary of the War, replies to an Commissioner of Indian Affairs report on the transportation of Chappo and Go-So who are prisoners at Fort Pickens to the Carlisle Indian School. Richard Henry Pratt has indicated that while he is willing to enroll them at Carlisle but does...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Return Apache Prisoners to Mount Vernon Barracks
May 24, 1889

Richard Henry Pratt provides an update on the Apache prisoners brought from the Mount Vernon Barracks in the winter and spring of 1886-1887. Pratt notes that of the 106 students, 27 have died and two others will likely die within a few days. Pratt describes the generally downward trend of the...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Follow Up to Request to Return of Apache Students to Mount Vernon Barracks
May 25, 1889

Richard Henry Pratt requests authority if he can send Apache to the Mount Vernon Barracks on Monday as he requested in his previous letter.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Nine Apache Students Sent to Mount Vernon Barracks
June 1, 1889

Richard Henry Pratt informs the Office of Indian Affairs that a group of Apache students left Carlisle for the Mount Vernon on May 30, 1889. In addition, he felt it important to increase the size of the party to nine students.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Return Six Ill Chiricahua Apache Students to Alabama
September 11, 1889

Richard Henry Pratt requests to return one Chiricahua Apache girl who is suffering from phthisis as well as two other girls and three boys who are also in poor health but would likely survive the winter to the Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama. Pratt notes that he has authority to return students...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Secretary of War Informs Interior Regarding Return of Apache Students
September 23, 1889

Redfield Proctor, Secretary of War, informs the Secretary of the Interior that the Major General Commanding the Army has issued orders to the Commander of the Mount Vernon Barracks to receive any members of the Apache Nation currently at the Carlisle Indian School who are returned from Carlisle...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Opposition of Sending Apache Students to Carlisle
February 18, 1891 - February 23, 1891

John Noble, Secretary of the Interior, forwards a letter from Redfield Proctor, Secretary of War, regarding opposition to sending Apache students currently being held at the Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama to the Carlisle Indian School to the Office of Indian Affairs.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request for the Enrollment of Fenton Geronimo
June 6, 1894 - June 28, 1894

Correspondence regarding the enrollment of Fenton Geronimo at the Carlisle Indian School.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Annual Report of the Carlisle Indian School, 1894
August 25, 1894

Fifteenth Annual Report of the Carlisle Indian School for the 1893-1894 school year. Richard Henry Pratt provides an overview of the previous year focusing on both the academic and industrial training as well as the outing program. In addition, Pratt focuses on the Chicago World's Fair and...

Format: Letters/Correspondence, Reports
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Correspondence Regarding the Return of Apache Students
July 25, 1895 - September 24, 1895

Correspondence regarding a request from Apache prisoners of war for the return of their children from the Carlisle Indian School. Included in the correspondence are various recommendations for the students as well as Richard Henry Pratt's philosophy in educating the Apache students and his views...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Pratt Informs Office of Returning Apache Students
November 7, 1895

Richard Henry Pratt provides Daniel M. Browning of the decisions of the Apache students at the Carlisle Indian School relative to returning to their homes or staying at Carlisle.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Arrangements for Mother of Student to Visit Carlisle
March 20, 1899 - March 25, 1899

Richard Henry Pratt forwards correspondence and informs the Office of Indian Affairs that he has arranged for the mother of an Apache student to visit Carlisle.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration

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