Images

The Images section features photographs, postcards, and different types of artwork, as well as reproductions of images that appeared in newspapers, magazines, and other publications. These images all reflect the Carlisle Indian School students, facilities, and staff. Images available here are drawn from files housed at the U. S. National Archives, from collections of Carlisle Indian School materials housed at various archival repositories, and from a variety of published sources. Visitors to this website are also invited to share copies of photographs from their own personal and family collections; please contact us if you have images you would like to contribute.

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Displaying 176 - 200 of 3782 images
Eleven students upon arrival, 1880

Portrait of seven male students and four female students posed on the school grounds. This photo was taken on the day they arrived, July 31, 1880. Although the caption states that they were Pueblo students, ten of them were Pueblo and one was Apache. The Pubelo students are: Frank Cushing, Taylor Ealy, Mary Ealy, Jennie Hammaker, Sheldon Jackson, Mary Perry, John Menual Chaves, Benjamin Thomas, John Shields, and Harvey Townsend. The Apache student is Nellie Carey.  

The Cumberland County Historical Society has two copies of this image: PA-CH1-082c and CS-CH-091. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Benjamin Thomas, Mary Perry, and John Menaul, 1880 [before]

Studio portrait of Benjamin Thomas (Wat-ye-eh), Mary Perry (Ki-ot-se), and John Menaul (Kowsh-te-ah), at their arrival and in native dress. 

Note: The Cumberland County Historical Society has two copies of this image: CS-CH-072 and 10B-02-01.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections

Gabriel Renville, 1880

Studio portrait of Gabriel Renville. 

Note: Gabriel Renville was the father of students John Renville and Nancy Renville. This photo was probably taken between August 10, 1880 (when he came to Carlisle to bring home the body of John, who had died at the school) and August 17, 1880 (when he and his daughter Nancy left the school). 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

American Horse, 1880

Studio portrait of American Horse, a Sioux chief. 

American Horse visited the school in August 1880 which is probably when this photograph was taken.  This is #25 on Choate's list of images for sale. 

The Cumberland County Historical Society has five copies of this image; PA-CH1-010b and CS-CH-033.1-.4.  

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Poor Wolf, 1880

Studio portrait of Poor Wolf, a Mandan chief. 

The student newspaper records a visit to the school by Poor Wolf in August 1880.

The Cumberland County Historical Society has three copies of this image: PA-CH1-019a and CS-CH-034a.1-.2. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Six Sioux chiefs with five other men [version 1], 1880

Portrait of six Sioux chiefs posed with four other men on the steps of the bandstand on the school grounds. The man at the far left leaning on the railing is probably Richard Henry Pratt. The chiefs are Red Shirt, Thunder Hawk, Big Head (or Big Headed), John Grass, Two Bear (or Two Bears), and Charger. One of the four other men is Louis Primeau, the interpreter from Standing Rock. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Six Sioux chiefs with five other men [version 2], 1880

Portrait of six Sioux chiefs posed with four other men on the steps of the bandstand on the school grounds. The man at the far left leaning on the railing is probably Richard Henry Pratt. The chiefs are Red Shirt, Thunder Hawk, Big Head (or Big Headed), John Grass, Two Bear (or Two Bears), and Charger. One of the four other men is Louis Primeau, the interpreter from Standing Rock.

The school paper documents a visit to the school by these chiefs in August 1880.

The caption below this image was added by CCHS staff.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Red Dog, Lizzie Glode, and Lucy Day [version 1], 1880

Studio portrait of Red Dog, a Sioux chief, with Lucy Day and Lizzie Glode. 

The student newspaper reports that Red Dog visited in August 1880. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Poor Wolf showing painted body ornamentation, c.1880

Studio portrait of Poor Wolf, a Mandan chief, not wearing a shirt and so showing his torso and arms with painted body ornatmentation.

The student newspaper records a visit to the school by Poor Wolf in August 1880.

Note: The authenticy of this ornamentation is questionable. This photo may have been manipulated by Choate. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Red Dog, Lizzie Glode, and Lucy Day [version 2], 1880

Studio portrait of Red Dog, a Sioux chief, with Lizzie Glode and Lucy Day. 

The student newspaper reports that Red Dog visited the school in August 1880. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Swedish National Museums of World Culture

Man-in-the-Cloud and Mad Wolf, 1880

Studio portrait of Man-in-the-Cloud (also known as Man on the Cloud) and Mad Wolf, both Cheyenne chiefs. 

Newspaper accounts document a visit by the two chiefs to the school in September 1880.

The Cumberland County Historical Society has four copies of this image: PA-CH1-026a and CS-CH-042.1-.3.  

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Man-on-the-Cloud, 1880

Studio portrait of Man-on-the-Cloud, a Cheyenne chief.

The Cumberland County Historical Society has three copies of this image: PA-CH1-027a and CS-CH-029.1-.2. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Indian girls in first uniforms, 1880

Portrait of forty-three female students, posed in three rows on the school grounds. In the background on the bandstand are seated Richard Henry Pratt and some teachers. The caption for this image identifies it as "Indian girls in their first uniforms, October 1880." 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Seven Native Americans, c.1881

Studio portrait of seven unidentified Native Americans, probably visiting chiefs, including one lying flat on his back in front. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative, Stereograph

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Five Native Americans, c.1881

Studio portrait of five Native Americans, probably visiting chiefs. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative, Stereograph

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Visiting chiefs, c.1881

Portrait of a group of visiting chiefs with white men posed in front of the bandstand on the school grounds. Richard Henry Pratt is at the far right in the back row.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Six male Osage students [version 2], c.1881

Studio portrait of six male students, all wearing school uniforms. The caption identifies them as being from the Osage tribe.

Cumberland County Historical Society Staff have identified Fred Lookout as the student in the front row, far right, based on comparison with other photos. 

 The Cumberland County Historical Society has three copies of this image: PA-CH1-038a, CS-CH-069, and CS-CH-080. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Nine Arapaho students [version 2], c.1881

Studio portrait of five male students and four female students, all wearing school uniforms. The caption states that they are from the Arapaho nation and all arrived in February 1881. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Fifteen female Creek students with teacher, 1881

Portrait of fifteen female students with a female teacher posed in front of and on the bandstand on the school grounds. The caption on the album page identifies them as Creek students who arrived in January 1881. 

The Cumberland County Historical Society has identified them as: front row, left to right, Elizabeth McIntosh, Rosa Ross, Millie McIntosh, Eliza Chissoe, Ella Moore, Sarah Elizabeth Crowell, Elizabeth McNac, Minnie Atkins; back row, left to right, Eliza Bell, Rachel Checote, Millie Brown, Bessie West, Martha Elizabeth Moore, Nancy McIntosh, and Jane Freeman. 

A researcher has indicated that the teacher pictured is likely Alice Robertson.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

White Buffalo in headdress

Studio portrait of student White Buffalo in native dress wearing a feathered headdress.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

White Buffalo in headdress with bow and arrow (pose #2), 1881

Studio portrait of White Buffalo wearing native clothing including feathered headdress and holding a bow and arrow.

Format: Photographic Print, B&W

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

Six male Osage students [version 1], c.1881

Studio portrait of six male students, all wearing school uniforms. The caption identifies them as being from the Osage tribe. 

Cumberland County Historical Society Staff have identified Fred Lookout as the student in the front row, far right, based on comparison with other photos.

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Dessie Prescott, Jennie Lawrence, Nellie Robertson, and Katie La Croix with Sarah Mather [version 1], c.1881

Studio portrait of Dessie Prescott (seated far left), Jennie Lawrence (seated front left), Nellie Robertson (standing back right), and Katie La Croix (seated far right) with teacher Sarah Mather (seated in center). The students are all wearing school uniforms and holding dolls. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Jennie Waupoose, Elizabeth Dixon, and Alice Neopet with Sarah Mather [version 1], c.1881

Studio portrait of Jennie Waupoose (seated at left), Elizabeth Dixon (seated at rear), and Alice Neopet (seated at right) with teacher Sarah Mather (seated in center). Each girl is holding a doll.

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Nine Arapaho students [version 1], c.1881

Studio portrait of five male and four female students. The caption for the Cumberland County Historical Society copy of this image identifies them as from the Arapaho nation and that they arrived in February 1881. 

Format: Glass Plate Negative

Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

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