Indian Prisoners at St. Augustine, FL

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Account for Transit Expenses from Florida
September 8, 1879

Letter from Richard Henry Pratt to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, transferring his account of travel expenses from Florida. Immediately before this time, Pratt was stationed at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida as a jailer for Indian prisoners-of-war.

Format: Financial Documents, Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Correspondence File, 1918-1966
November 29, 1918 - April 19, 1966

This material is a collection of correspondence received by the Office of Indian Affairs between 1918 and 1966, all related to the Carlisle Indian School. As the Carlisle Indian School closed in 1918, the majority of these letters are either requesting information about the school and its...

Format: Legal and Government Documents, Letters/Correspondence, Newspapers and Magazines
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Department of War Issues Orders to Transfer Fort Marion Students to Carlisle
October 26, 1886 - October 27, 1886

Secretary of War William Endicott informs the Office of Indian Affairs of orders issued to send individuals between the ages of 12 and 22 at Fort Marion to the Carlisle Indian School.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Eadle Keatah Toh (Vol. 1, No. 1)
January 1880

The first page opened with a report titled "THE INDIAN TRAINING SCHOOL," that described the progress of the school, its Christian methods, the work of the Florida boys preparing buildings for use, the importance of the town Sunday Schools, the school curriculum that emphasized farmwork for boys...

Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Eadle Keatah Toh (Vol. 1, No. 3)
May 1880

Page one opened with statistics on what tribe, age, and gender the students were. There were also various reviews of other schools, both day and boarding, and information on their attendance. Page two had an article on the actions of the Indians who were opposed to the Indian schools and the...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Eadle Keatah Toh (Vol. 2, No. 2)
September 1881

Page one opened with a poem by E.G.P. and the story of the Great Turtle, which was based on the arrival of a Spanish Ship. There was also a piece on the trouble that Billy Cornipachio faced, which included the opposition of his people to his education. Page two had a piece about visiting chiefs...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Eadle Keatah Toh (Vol. 2, No. 4)
November 1881

Page one opens with a discussion on the various types of Indian education, from day and boarding schools in Indian Territory to Boarding schools like Carlisle in the east. It also talked about the construction of new buildings on campus. Page two had more statistics on other Indian Schools. Page...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Final Report of Prisoners Held at Fort Marion
April 27, 1887

Final report of the prisoners held at Fort Marion including an account of births, deaths, and transfers to the Carlisle Indian School, Fort Pickens, and Mount Vernon Barracks.

Format: Letters/Correspondence, Reports
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Hampton Will Not Enroll 8 Chiricahua Students
May 5, 1887

Richard Henry Pratt informs the Secretary of the Interior that Samuel C. Armstrong, Superintendent of the Hampton Institute, has declined to enroll four married Chiricahua students from Fort Marion. Pratt writes that the students will be taken care of at Carlisle.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Interior Department Memo for Authorization of Recruiting Students at Fort Marion
April 18, 1887

Secretary of the Interior Lucius Q. C. Lamar orders the Assistant Secretary of the Interior H. L. Muldrew to provide Richard Henry Pratt with orders authorizing him to transfer members of the Apache Nation being held prisoner at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida to the Carlisle Indian School...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Notice of Departure of Apache Students from Fort Marion to Carlisle
November 2, 1886

J. M. Schofield informs the Adjutant General of the Army that 37 Apache students have departed from Fort Marion for the Carlisle Indian School including 29 boys and 8 girls. Further writes that 4 girls who were set to leave stayed due to fever.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Plan for Release of Former Florida Prisoners
January 12, 1880

Richard Henry Pratt writes to Commissioner of Indian Affairs Ezra Hayt suggesting the release of former prisoners jailed by Pratt at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida. A delegation of the former prisoners had helped Pratt establish the Carlisle Indian School after their release from Fort...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Pratt Arrives Back at Carlisle with 62 Students from Fort Marion
April 30, 1887

Richard Henry Pratt informs the John D. C. Atkins, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, that he has arrived back at Carlisle with 62 members of the Chiricahua band from Fort Marion. He ends by noting that he hopes the Atkins will now visit the school.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Pratt Requests to Travel to St. Augustine to Recruit Students for Carlisle
June 19, 1886

Richard Henry Pratt requests permission to travel to St. Augustine with a Carlisle Indian School student from Chiricahua to provide a presentation on the intentions of the Government in seeking to educate their children would be beneficial to enrolling their children at Carlisle.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Proposal to Bring St. Augustine Children to Carlisle as Students
May 29, 1886

Richard Henry Pratt reports on a proposed plan to bring the children currently being held in St. Augustine, Florida to be educated at the Carlisle Indian School. In addition, at the suggestion of Lieutenant Richards that he send Bonito, a student at Carlisle, to promote the school as an...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Proposed Transfer of Apache Students at Hampton to Carlisle
June 15, 1886

Samuel C. Armstrong, Principal of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural School, notes that with Richard Henry Pratt willing to take all of the imprisoned children at Fort Marion that the Apache students at Hampton also be transferred to Carlisle.

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Recommendation to Send Bonito to Fort Marion for Recruitment
June 20. 1886

First Lieutenant Stephen C. Mills, the officer in charge of the Chiricahua Indian Prisoners at Fort Marion, Florida recommends sending Bonito, a student at the Carlisle Indian School and a member of the Apache Nation, to Fort Marion to discuss the benefits of sending their children to Carlisle...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Report for the Month of January 1880
January 31, 1880

Two duplicate copies of the monthly report for January, 1880, submitted by the Carlisle Indian Training School to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The report includes a list of employees, a count of students by Nation/Tribe, descriptions of the educational program, and Superintendent Richard Henry...

Format: Reports
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request for Instructions Regarding Donations
October 11, 1879

Richard Henry Pratt writes to Commissioner of Indian Affairs Ezra Hayt for instructions on how to process donations received for the Carlisle Indian School. Pratt notes that he received a donation for the continued education of a former prisoner-of-war held at Fort Marion in St. Augustine,...

Format: Financial Documents, Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Open Indian School in New York
April 18, 1881 - April 23, 1881

Richard Henry Pratt forwards a letter he recieved from Dr. H. Caruthers of Tarrytown, New York who is requesting the permission of the Secretary of the Interior to start a small school dedicated to educating Indian pupils. Pratt and Caruthers note that they met when Pratt was in St. Augustine,...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Return Three Former Florida Prisoners Home
May 9, 1881

Richard Henry Pratt writes to seek authority to pay to send home three former prisoners who remained east for their education. The sponsor of Paul Zotom and David Oakerhater had them trained in agriculture as well as being ordained as deacons in the Episcopal Church while studying in Paris Hill...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Return Tsaitkopeta Home
May 30, 1881

Richard Henry Pratt notifies the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that the former Kiowa prisoner Tsaitkopeta who has been living in Tarrytown, New York with Dr. H. Caruthers wishes to return home to the Kiowa and Comanche Agency. Pratt notes that he is entitled to have the government pay this...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Response to Secretary of the Interior Regarding Fort Marion Students
October 14, 1886

Richard Henry Pratt responds to a letter from Secretary of the Interior Lucius Q. C. Lamar regarding sending children and young adults at Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida to the Carlisle Indian School. Pratt provides details on the number of students that can be accommodated at Carlisle...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
School News (Vol. 1, No. 7)
December 1880

Issue Seven opens with Roman Nose explaining how he came to Carlisle after being held captive in St. Augustine for three years. He explains his time there was good because of the kindness of Capt. Pratt. After the editorial about the benefits of speaking English, there was a small letter from a...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Secretary of War Memo Regarding Moving Chiricahua POWs
April 23, 1887 - May 2, 1887

Secretary of War, William Crowninshield Endicott, responds to a letter from the Secretary of the Interior regarding a protest lodged by the Arizona Governor about returning the prisoners of war held at Fort Marion. Endicott notes that those not transferred to the Carlisle Indian School are to be...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration

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