Assimilation of Native Americans

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The Morning Star (Vol. 5, No. 5)
December 1884

Page one started with a poem titled “The Indian’s Plea” by A.F.W., followed by a report on an organization made in 1822 to help get better rights for Indians. Included is their constitution and a list of the officers. This continued onto page two where the officer’s list was. Then there was an...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The Morning Star (Vol. 5, No. 6)
January 1885

Page one opened with an extract from Hon. Byron M. Cutcheon speech, “Our Indian Policy,” originally given to the House of Representatives. Following that was “Secretary Teller in Favor of Schools.” Page two had a list of Bills and Resolutions relating to Indians that went before congress...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 1, No. 11)
April 1881

The opening article was written by Michael Burns (Apache), and focused on “The Indian Question.” In it he explains how many Indians falsely believe that white men are wiser simply because they are born white, and argues that their wisdom comes not from their skin color, but from more easily...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 1, No. 12)
May 1881

Number 12. Opened with a letter from Charles Kauboodle (Kiowa) to his cousin Laura, talking about what they’ve learned in school, their family, and wishing her a quick recovery from the sickness she has. Jessa Bent also had a few sentences on the desert published at the bottom of the page. The...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 1, No. 8)
January 1881

Issue Eight opens with a continuation of Henry C. Roman Nose’s journey from St. Augustine, to New York city and eventually Tarrytown, New York. The next page was an editorial on the importance of Hard Work, and how Indians should strive to work hard like White men do, along with a series of...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 1, No. 9)
February 1881

Issue nine, continues Roman Nose’s story, showing him attending Hampton School and eventually traveling to Lee, Ma. This issue’s editorial featured a piece on the hopes that the new U.S. President Garfield will put all Indian Children in School. On the same page Robert W. Stewart (Creek) wrote...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 2, No. 1)
June 1881

Page one opens with a letter from Lucius Aitson (Kiowa) to his father describing an illness he had that left him bed ridden for two weeks and how fond her is of English. Also on this page is a short bit from Nellie Robertson (Sioux) about the story of Moses. The next page had an article titled “...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 2, No. 10)
March 1882

The first page opened with Dessie Prescott narrating the school trip to Philadelphia. While there, they saw toys, went to the Grand Depot, and sang for money for the school. Page two had an article about Tobacco, its side effects, and why it should not be used. Following was a letter exchange...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 2, No. 4)
September 1881

The first page is has a small narrative from Nellie Carey (Apache) on her visit to the Navajoes with her white family, She describes the Navajoes as dirty, explaining how they don’t keep their tents clean. There was also a letter from Davis Cheyenne (Cheyenne) to Captain Pratt about his time in...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 2, No. 5)
October 1881

The first page has an article on Indian children learning to take care of themselves when their grown, like the white people do. It also had mentions of the benefits of forgetting Indian language. Julia Bent (Cheyenne) also wrote about the Chapel and her interactions Captain Pratt, and Miss Hyde...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 2, No. 6)
November 1881

The first page talked about the cost of educating an Indian vs the cost of killing one to support the Indian Schools. The article was titled “The Amount it Takes to Kill One Indian Would Establish Many School Like Carlisle and Hampton” by Michael Burns (Apache). The second page has an article...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 2, No. 7)
December 1881

The first page opens with a letter from Ruben Quick Bear to his friend Austin, reassuring him that it is okay to make mistake when learning a new language. There was also an article describing the students as “Reapers of Knowledge.” Page two had Sarah, a Creek girl, wrote about the cooking...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 2, No. 8)
January 1882

Page one described George W. Walker’s visit to the country, the people he met and how he would like to go to school with them. There was also thank note from Dessie Prescott to her teacher for a Christmas gift she received. Page opened with a letter from Edgar G. Squirrel talked of the shame the...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 2, No. 9)
February 1882

The firsts page what two articles on it. The first was by Johnson Lane about George Washington. The second was above various lost people and animals that the writer had met. Page two opens with Charles Kihega (Iowa) describing his tribe before and after coming under control of the agency....

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 3, No. 1)
June 1882

On the first page Justine A. LaFromboise describes her trip to Carlisle, explaining how her father convinced her to go get an education. The story continues onto page four. On page two Ellis B. Childers (Creek) explained that he will be the editor while Charles Kihega (Iowa) visits home. C....

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 3, No. 10)
March 1883

Page one included an address to the students from Capt. Daniel Childers, written by E. B. Childers, in which he described his own childhood and assured the students of the great opportunities they have as a result of attending Carlisle. Students were also reminded that chewing and smoking...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 3, No. 11)
April 1883

The first page had a letter from an unnamed student to his Uncle explaining that the world is round and moves at 1041 miles per hour. Harry Raven (Arapahoe) also discussed in a speech how the Government will not always care for the Indians and differences between whites and Native Americans. On...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 3, No. 12)
May 1883

Page one reprinted Van Horn's letter to friend, in which he described his train ride into Trenton, New Jersey, and a drunken old man who disturbed him on the ride.  Howard Chawhip also retold a story of an old drunkard who only went to church to hear the singing, but later became a good man...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 3, No. 2)
July 1882

On page one Bessie West wrote her “School Father” about what she has been doing since she left Carlisle. On the same page E.C. compared Indian children’s want to go to school to a child who wants to swim, once they are allowed, they will take their fill before leaving. Following on the next page...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 3, No. 4)
September 1882

On page one Ellis Kaque (Kiowa) returned home and wrote back to tell of the negative reception he received when he tried to convince his Indian friends to live as white men and only believe in the Christian God. This page also had a letter from Dave Cheyenne on his Sunday school excursion to the...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 3, No. 8)
January 1883

Page one was entirely taken up by a letter from Summer Riggs (Cheyenne), in which he discussed visiting friends and how a white man wanted to learn his actual name, Marchewa, in his native language. Page two mentioned issues that some Congressmen have with rules and conditions students at the...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
The School News (Vol. 3, No. 9)
February 1883

The first page had a story told to Joshua Given (Kiowa) by his grandparents about a young girl who never touched the ground and one day chased a star into the sky. It also included a letter from Louis Big Horse (Osage) to his father in which he discussed planting fruit. Page two had an article...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society

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