White Thunder, Ernest

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Eadle Keatah Toh (Vol. 1, No. 8)
January 1881

Page one started with an explanation for why boarding schools are necessary to successfully educate Indian children. It was explained that day school simply “do not withdraw the pupils from the influences of their home surroundings in such a manner us to facilitate a change in their habits of...

Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Cemetery Stock Image

Cemetery information and mortuary documents related to Ernest (Knocks Off), a member of the Sioux Nation.

Note: The modern cemetery contains two headstones for Ernest, located at plots C-12 and D-12. A map from 1947 shows that Ernest is interred in plot C-12, while Samson Noran is...

Ernest (Knocks Off) Student Information Card

Student information card of Ernest (Knocks Off), a member of the Sioux Nation, who entered the school on October 6, 1879 and died on December 14, 1880. Ernest was buried in the cemetery on the school grounds.

Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Ernest (Knocks Off) [version 1], c.1880

Studio portrait of Ernest (Knocks Off) wearing a school uniform.

Format: Glass Plate Negative
Repository: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Ernest (Knocks Off) [version 2], c.1880

Studio portrait of Ernest (Knocks Off) wearing school uniform.

Note: The Cumberland County Historical Society has two copies of this image: PA-CH1-017a and CS-CH-019. 

Format: Photographic Print, B&W
Repository: Cumberland County Historical Society
Ernest Student Information Card

Student information card of Ernest, a member of the Sioux Nation, who entered the school on October 6, 1879 and died on December 14, 1880 while attending the school. He was buried in the cemetery on the school grounds.

Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Request to Return the Bodies of Ernest White Thunder and Maud Swift Bear
December 27, 1880

The parents of Ernest White Thunder and Maud Swift Bear request that their bodies be returned to them in order to have them buried near their homes. They note that while Richard Henry Pratt sent them frequent letters they were not aware that their children were near death and are now unable to...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
Proposal to Send Industrial Articles to Rosebud and Pine Ridge Agencies
January 21, 1881

Richard Henry Pratt notes that when he spoke to American Horse and other Sioux Chiefs in 1880 as they returned home they were promised a light wagon produced at Carlisle. According to Pratt sending the wagons along with some tinware would be a good method to show the work being done by the...

Format: Letters/Correspondence
Repository: National Archives and Records Administration
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